Share Turnover: Definition, What It Signals, Formula, and Example

shares outstanding formula

The number of shares outstanding can also be reduced via a reverse stock split. A number of company activities can change its number of shares outstanding. It can issue a new round of stock in order to raise money for expansion.

Generally, you won’t need to calculate this number yourself and it will be listed for you on a company’s 10-Q or 10-K filing. Investors can look at any number of metrics to make their investment decisions. When it comes to stocks, a company’s outstanding and floating shares can provide some very important information about the organization. Outstanding shares highlight the structure of a company’s ownership while its floating shares indicate how many shares are available for public trading. If you’re looking at buying stock, you can find this information is available on financial statements and through stock exchange websites.

Understanding Fully Diluted Shares

Investors may find it useful to compare a company’s floating stock to its outstanding shares when they’re making investment decisions. Dilution occurs when a company issues additional shares, reducing current investors’ proportional ownership in the company. shares outstanding formula Investors may choose to use weighted averages if they have compiled a position in a particular stock over a period. Given continuously changing stock prices, the investor will calculate a weighted average of the share price paid for the shares.

  • To understand the calculation of outstanding shares, let us take an example of a company that has recently issued 1000 shares.
  • The term outstanding shares refers to a company’s stock currently held by all its shareholders.
  • These stockholders typically include officers, directors, and company-sponsored foundations.
  • Large lot trades by investors of closely held shares could significantly affect the stock’s price and the stock’s volatility.
  • The weighted average is used by accountants reporting a company’s financial results in accordance with GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principals).

However, the number of outstanding shares affects this metric and, when the number increases, it reduces the EPS. The number of shares outstanding increases when a company issues additional shares or when employees exercise stock options. Conversely, they decrease if the company buys back some of its issued shares through a share repurchase program. You can find the number of shares outstanding by looking at the company’s balance sheet. This 800 is divided into 600 (shares held by the public) + 200 (restricted shares held by company insiders). Float shares of the company are the ones that are available for trading to the public.

Calculating Weighted Average Number of Shares

Shares outstanding and weighted average shares are both numbers that can help an investor understand how well a company performs over time. The purpose of the repurchase can also be to eliminate the shareholder dilution that will occur from future ESOs or equity grants. The number of shares outstanding increases with the issue of new shares and stock split, while it decreases with share re-purchase and reverses split.

  • Given continuously changing stock prices, the investor will calculate a weighted average of the share price paid for the shares.
  • In the above example, if the reporting periods were each half of a year, the resulting weighted average of outstanding shares would be equal to 150,000.
  • A publicly-traded company can directly influence how many shares it has outstanding.
  • However, due to the fluctuations in share counts between reporting periods, the figure is typically expressed as a weighted average.
  • So a company with 10 million shares outstanding and a share price of $5 has a market cap of $50 million.
  • The trading volume is the average number of shares traded in a given period.

Suppose we’re tasked with calculating the weighted average shares outstanding of a public company for the fiscal year ending 2021. If the beginning or ending share count were used, there would be a mismatch in the timing between the numerator (which typically spans the full fiscal year) and the denominator. Therefore, the misalignment in timing must be rectified by using the weighted average shares outstanding in the earning per share (EPS) calculation. It is important to note that this is not the total number of authorized shares a company has; the number of shares outstanding is often less (but may be equal to) what they are authorized to issue. The number of outstanding shares is calculated by subtracting treasury stock from the shares issued.

Weighted Average Shares Outstanding Formula

Sometimes large, high-quality companies have less share turnover than smaller, lower-quality companies because the share price of the larger company is so high it inhibits frequent trading. Although their huge floats mean hundreds of thousands of shares can trade a day, the actual percentage of the total outstanding is small. In contrast, smaller companies usually have correspondingly cheaper shares; the opportunity cost of loading up and unloading based on the growth prospects is smaller in terms of capital commitment. One reason companies split their stock is to try to keep their shares affordable and, therefore, more liquid. Share turnover ratio indicates how easy, or difficult, it is to sell shares of a particular stock on the market. It compares the number of shares that change hands during a particular period with the total number of shares that could have been traded during that same period.

shares outstanding formula

Stock splits are usually undertaken to bring the share price of a company within the buying range of retail investors; the increase in the number of outstanding shares also improves liquidity. If you are analyzing a company’s stock, it is important to take into consideration the outstanding shares. For instance, the stock price reflects how investors assess the present worth of future earnings per share. Therefore, the more shares that are outstanding, the more the profit is split. The weighted average shares outstanding, or the weighted average of outstanding shares, takes into consideration any changes in the number of outstanding shares over a specific reporting period. In effect, it weights any change in the number of shares outstanding according to the length of time that change was in effect.

What Are Shares Outstanding?

A company’s stock float does not include closely-held shares that are held by company insiders or controlling investors. These stockholders typically include officers, directors, and company-sponsored foundations. Companies may provide executives with stock options that can be converted to shares. However, these stock benefits are not included in the tally of shares outstanding until shares are fully issued.

  • Outstanding shares can also be used to calculate some key financial metrics, including a company’s market cap and its earnings per share.
  • For example, the price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio calculates how much investors are paying for $1 of a company’s earnings by dividing the company’s share price by its EPS.
  • While it is still a useful measurement, share turnover does have its limitations.
  • Floating shares indicate the number of shares actually available for trading.
  • A recent example of a reverse stock split is General Electric’s (GE) 1-for-8 reverse stock split during the summer of 2021.

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