What is the Quick Ratio and How to Calculate it?

This ratio is especially vital for accountants who create budgets, like certified management accountants. Improving your business’s quick ratio can make it easier to access funds and manage your financial obligations. But the quick ratio may not capture the profitability or efficiency of the company.

You’ll remember from Accounting 101 that assets are anything you own and liabilities are anything you owe. However, it’s essential to consider other liquidity ratios, such as current ratio and cash ratio when analyzing a great company to invest in. This way, you’ll get a clear picture of a company’s liquidity and financial health. Conversely, the current ratio factors in all of a company’s assets, not just liquid assets in its calculation.

  • Otherwise referred to as the “acid test” ratio, the quick ratio’s distinction from the current ratio is that a more stringent criterion is applied for the current assets included in the calculation.
  • However, in the quick ratio, the definition of liquid assets is slightly more restricted as it does not include inventory.
  • The quick ratio yields a more conservative number as it only includes assets that can be turned into cash within a short period 一 typically 90 days or less.
  • It includes quick assets and other assets that might take months to convert to cash.

However, to maintain precision in the calculation, one should consider only the amount to be actually received in 90 days or less under normal terms. Early liquidation or premature withdrawal of assets like interest-bearing securities may lead to penalties or discounted book value. Now that we understand the complete know-how of the quick ratio, please go ahead and try calculating the quick ratio on your own in the Excel template made for you to practice. Please also analyze and see the reason for the increase/decrease in the quick ratio. (The quick ratio is used interchangeably with the acid test ratio. However, they will differ in certain situations).

How to calculate Quick Ratio using excel

The quick ratio is similar to the current ratio but provides a more conservative assessment of the liquidity position of firms as it excludes inventory, which it does not consider as sufficiently liquid. If you’re looking for accounting software to help prepare your financial statements, be sure to check out The Ascent’s accounting software reviews. Other assets are excluded from the formula since it calculates your ability to pay debts short-term, so the formula is only concerned with assets that have liquidity. If the quick ratio for your business is less than 1, it means that your liabilities outweigh your assets, while a quick ratio of 10 means that for every $1 in liabilities, you have $10 in liquid assets. The company appears not to have enough liquid current assets to pay its upcoming liabilities. The quick ratio compares the short-term assets of a company to its short-term liabilities to evaluate if the company would have adequate cash to pay off its short-term liabilities.

  • This generally includes payment due to suppliers and other accrued expenses.
  • Cash equivalents are often an extension of cash as this account often houses investments with very low risk and high liquidity.
  • In fact, such a company may be viewed favorably by the equity or debt capital markets and be able to raise capital easily.

It also makes sense to look at the contribution weightage of each asset in the overall quick assets. Higher quick ratios are more favorable for companies because it shows there are more quick assets than current liabilities. A company with a quick ratio of 1 indicates that quick assets equal current assets. This also shows that the company could pay off its current liabilities without selling any long-term assets. An acid ratio of 2 shows that the company has twice as many quick assets than current liabilities. A quick ratio of 1.0 means that for every $1 a company has in current liabilities, it also has $1 in quick assets.

Why Is Quick Ratio Important?

Others may only consider liabilities due within the near future, typically the following six to 12 months. This will give you a better understanding of your liquidity and financial health. Or, on the other hand, the company may have more options to manage its debt than the quick ratio indicates.

What Is the Difference Between Liquidity and Solvency?

Let us analyze how different are the ratios when compared with companies like Walmart and Home Depot. Generally, due to the tight working capital requirement, companies in the retail sector have a very low Quick ratio. Back in 2014, the ratio was 9.04 times which increased to 12.64 times in a matter of only 3 years. This means that for each dollar of Current liabilities, Walmart has only $0.18 worth of Quick assets which is really low. Below given is the Balance Sheet extract showing the total assets of Walmart. To understand the practical application of the ratio, let us calculate the Acid test ratio for Walmart in excel.


Our company’s current ratio of 1.3x is not necessarily positive since a range of 1.5x to 3.0x is usually ideal, but it is certainly less alarming than a quick ratio of 0.5x. Similar to the current ratio, a company that has a quick ratio of more than one is usually considered less of a financial risk than a company that has a quick ratio of less than one. This capital could be used to generate company growth or invest in new markets. There is often a fine line between balancing short-term cash needs and spending capital for long-term potential. As a result of all such factors,  the company was able to increase its quick ratio significantly from 9 times to 12.6 times.

The information we need includes Tesla’s 2020 cash & cash equivalents, receivables, and short-term investments in the numerator; and total current liabilities in the denominator. This means that Carole can pay off all of her current liabilities with quick assets and still have some quick assets left over. This means the business has $1.10 in quick assets for every $1 in current liabilities. Current liabilities what is restricted cash on financial statements are short-term debt that are typically due within a year. You should include only current liabilities in your calculation for the same reason listed above; the formula is designed to calculate the ability to pay debts short-term. The Quick Ratio measures the short-term liquidity of a company by comparing the value of its cash balance and liquidated current assets to its near-term obligations.

Quick Ratio Formula in Excel (With Excel Template)

When analyzing a company’s liquidity, no single ratio will suffice in every circumstance. It’s important to include other financial ratios in your analysis, including both the current ratio and the quick ratio, as well as others. More importantly, it’s critical to understand what areas of a company’s financials the ratios are excluding or including to understand what the ratio is telling you.

More detailed analysis of all major payables and receivables in line with market sentiments and adjusting input data accordingly shall give more sensible outcomes which shall give actionable insights. There are numerous accounting ratios that can be used to determine the financial stability and credit-worthiness of your company. At the end of the forecast period, Year 4, our company’s ratio remains relatively unchanged at 0.5x, which is problematic as the concerns regarding short-term liquidity remain. Suppose a company has the following balance sheet financial data in Year 1, which we’ll use as our assumptions for our model. Quick assets refer to assets that can be converted into Cash within 90 days. Nonetheless, the company is able to maintain a steady-state quick ratio for the past 5 years.

It also helps to compare the previous years’ quick ratio to understand the trend. So let us now calculate the quick ratio of Reliance Industries for FY 2016 – 17. Similar to above, when we add items like Accounts payable, Accrued expenses, Short term debt, Lease obligations & other quick liabilities, we get Current liabilities of $77,477. When we add all the Current assets like Cash and cash equivalent, Receivables (excluding Inventories, Prepaid expenses & Other current assets), we get total Quick Assets of $14,005.

For example, if you have a five-year loan for a vehicle, the next 12 months of payments will be a current liability. It indicates that ABC Corp. may not have enough money to pay all of its bills in the coming months, having 85 cents in cash for every dollar it owes. Knowing the quick ratio can also help when you’re preparing financial projections, no matter what type of accounting your company currently uses. Knowing the quick ratio for your company can help you make needed adjustments such as increasing sales, or developing a more effective accounts receivable collection process. Marketable securities are financial instruments that can be quickly converted to cash, such as government bonds, common stock, and certificates of deposit. This is an important difference when it comes to determining the ability of your company to pay its short-term liabilities, which is what the quick ratio is designed to do.

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